3D cutting in High Speed

© Photo: Andreas Schwiederski

The automotive industry has greatly accelerated development of the laser as a cutting tool. Lasers can now process 3D components so quickly that machine operators are practically left behind. Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH, however, is keeping pace.

When Erhard Hujer founded Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH in 1994, 3D laser processing was still a niche market. At the time, companies made their money with 2D processing technologies – but this didn’t stop the entrepreneur from working on 3D laser applications at a very early stage. He recognized the technology’s huge potential, particularly in the automotive industry. It may have taken a few years, but he has since been proved right.

A boom in laser technology

laser-cutting-3d-hujer

The new TrueLaser Cell 8030 with three-station rotary indexing table and semiautomated solution take up very little space. (Photo: Andreas Schwiederski)

2005 marked the start of the boom years. That’s when Volkswagen first began using hot-formed components on a large scale for the body of its VW Passat. Press-hardened steel really came into its own, and nowadays more and more components such as A- and B-pillars, sills, roof frames and center tunnels made of these materials can be found on the world’s roads. The advent of this technology was accompanied by the rapid growth of the 3D laser cutting industry – with Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH at the Forefront.

Peter Ducat, head of sales and project manager, confirms this: “Ever since the automotive industry started using hot-formed parts, lasers have been booming.” The reason is that, once they have been molded, these components are so hard that lasers offer the only way to process them economically. Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH, which has a workforce of some 200 employees, now processes both 2D and 3D components for the automotive industry as well as for household appliances, agricultural machinery, doors and windows at a total of four sites: Harsewinkel, Lohfelden, Drolshagen and, since the beginning of the year, Iserlohn.

Huge Batches

Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH

Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH has been in the laser business for over 20 years. The company’s 200 employees process 2D and 3D components for the automotive industry, household appliances, agricultural machinery, doors and windows at four sites: Harsewinkel, Lohfelden, Drolshagen and Iserlohn.

“Nonetheless, we do 80 percent of our business with car manufacturers,” says Ducat. And these customers require enormous batch sizes – at low cost, with quick turnaround times and high quality. “We process 300,000 to 400,000 copies of each part annually,” says Ducat to describe the scale of operations. One way to handle such vast quantities is to use faster and faster laser machines – but these are now so fast that machine operators struggle to keep up with the rate of production.

“As cycle times get shorter and shorter, one employee is no longer enough to cope with loading and unloading the machine while simultaneously carrying out quality assurance,” Ducat explains. Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH thus had to find a solution if it wanted to increase its output. Automation was the next logical next step, but even robots have their Limits.

In my opinion, we’ve not yet exhausted the laser’s full potential.

Peter Ducat, Head of sales and Project Manager at Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH

FIRST MAN, THEN MACHINE

This prompted Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH to try a new tack – the results of which can now be seen at the factory in Lohfelden. Plant manager Ralph Frey stands next to the new-generation TruLaser Cell 8030 and watches as an employee detaches one B-pillar from another before removing it from the stack. “Some of the components are still warm when they’re stacked, so as they cool, they contract and get wedged together,” says Frey by way of explanation. That’s why it’s so difficult to automate this first step – a robot is unable to separate the parts. Often the components even arrive in bulk, which is too challenging for a robot to handle, as it doesn’t know precisely how the particular workpiece is positioned in the pile.

Now the operator inserts the B-pillar into the machine. His job is to load the machine and monitor the process; the rest is done by the machine itself and a robotic assistant. While the operator prepares the next component and the laser cuts the part currently being worked on, the robot places the previously cut part in a special frame on the other side of the machine.

High speed step by step

This division of labor is made possible by the TruLaser Cell 8030’s most important new feature: its rotary indexing table with three stations. In combination with the laser’s high processing speed, this ensures that, depending on the part in question, the second generation of the TruLaser Cell 8030 can get through some 600 components per shift at Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH. Depending on the number of contours, the length of the cut and the associated cutting time, it is theoretically possible for the machinery to process as many as 1,350 parts per shift.

Each new generation of vehicles that gets on the market has a higher proportion of components made using hot-forming processes.

Ralph Frey, Plant manager at Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH

Peter Ducat (l.), head of sales and project manager, with Lohfelden plant manager Ralph Frey. (Photo: Andreas Schwiederski)

Peter Ducat (l.), head of sales and project manager, with Lohfelden plant manager Ralph Frey. (Photo: Andreas Schwiederski)

Each machine at the Hujer plant currently processes around 11,000 tooled parts a week. “The rotary indexing table allows us to separate loading and unloading, which means we can automate the process,” Frey explains. “At the same time, separating loading and unloading processes allows us to maintain total flexibility. We can easily switch to manual loading and unloading if necessary, for instance if the automation fails or if we have to run another component through the machine at short notice.” Thanks to the TruLaser Cell’s standardized interface, the laser experts were able to integrate their semiautomated solution quickly and easily.

Full speed using half the power  

The usual setup for this machine and this application is to use a 3 kW laser as the beam source and to run the light through a 0.1-mm fiber. Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH, however, uses a TruDisk 2000 disk laser with just 2 kW of power, and transfers the light using a 0.05-mm fiber.

TruLaser Cell 8030

The TruLaser Cell 8030 is designed for the 3D cutting of hot-formed components. The new generation is equipped with a three-station rotary indexing table, which means that loading and unloading can be carried out as separate processes. This gives users the option to implement semiautomated solutions, too.

TruDisk 2000

A TruDisk 2000 is sufficient as a beam source, since the excellent beam quality of the 2 kW disk laser means the light can be passed through a 0.05‑mm fiber. Thanks to the smaller focal spot, the laser’s energy is enough to achieve the same cutting speed on the workpiece as a 3 kW laser.

This results in a much smaller focal spot that concentrates the laser’s energy and makes it more efficient, with the added benefit that the process is even less susceptible to external factors. Given that it heats and melts less material, the laser can achieve the same cutting speeds as a 3 kW laser while expending less energy on the workpiece. “The quality of the TruDisk 2000 beam is twice as high, and we deliberately apply it in a way that gives us huge power savings,” Frey explains. And that’s why Hujer Lasertechnology GmbH has already commissioned two more machines of the latest generation for the new plant in Iserlohn. “Each new generation of vehicles that gets on the market has a higher proportion of components made using hot-forming processes. Demand for cost-effective laser processing thus also continues to rise,” Frey states.

Ducat is also convinced: “The process for laser cutting 3D components will become more and more automated. In my opinion, we’ve not yet exhausted the laser’s full potential – the automotive industry might become even more innovative, particularly in terms of materials.” With its 3D laser processing expertise, Hujer Lasertechnik GmbH couldn’t be better prepared.

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